Full Form of GSM

GSM Full Form

Today whenever we talk about smartphone, we ended up with 2G, 3G or 4G phone model. These terms are very common now a days. But very few knows that the GSM is the backbone for all these. If we go few years back then we had 2 types of common phone, that is GSM phone and CDMA phone. Later days, GSM become the next generation 2G, 3G and 4G technology. In CDMA, phone itself can exchange signal but in GSM, we need to put SIM card to work. SO in this article we will know about it in detail.

Let’s start with the full form of it, so GSM stands for Global System for Mobile. This is the technology which later developed as 2G and EDGE, which enabled us to exchange data known as internet browsing. European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) developed this technology. And in 1991 first deployed in Finland. It replaced 1G. It is the most used technology for data and voice communication in the world. The frequency bands used by it are 850MHz, 900MHz, 1800MHz, and 1900MHz. It uses the spectrum efficiency to improve the overall quality of the service offered by it. Voice quality is also improved compared to its predecessor. It support some of the new feature to the user such as SMS, Call waiting, Call Holding, Call conference, USSD service etc. Because of increased bandwidth the quality of network is also very good. Today we use 4G network everywhere, it also based on GSM technology. As a cellular network, it uses cells to provide wireless communication. There are four main cells called, macro, micro, Pico, femto. First two are responsible for outdoor coverage and later are for indoor coverage. There are number of GSM operator all over the world. Many operator have agreement among them for roaming access that’s why we can use our phone while traveling to other countries. It uses GPRS to transmit data for web browsing. It was designed as a secure wireless system using several cryptography algorithm. But later it proved that using some sniffer and attack this network also can be exposed and ongoing data can be tracked.

Advantages of GSM:

The main advantage of GSM is the ability to switch the carriers and to roam between different operators within a single mobile unit. By changing SIM card user can change carrier. User can switch between 2G, 3G and 4G automatically depend upon the signal strength and availability. This network has wide range of coverage that is covering today from basement to sky-high and from lift to fast moving vehicles. User also have wide range of variety of mobile from the manufacturer of all over the world. As multiple user share same bandwidth so sometime users feels a lag. This network is prone to interference by some of electronic equipment, some of the places we require to switch off the mobile such as in hospital, airplane and high magnetic areas.

SIM Full Form

As today we are living in a digital age, mobile phone became undetachable part of our day to day life and In India around 90 percent of population use mobile phone. SIM is an essential part of any mobile phone. Most people knows about it and what it is used for. But a few people knows the details behind it. In this article we will let you know how it works and how it make possible to call anyone or receive anyone’s call or browsing internet.

Information about SIM card:

The full form of SIM is Subscriber Identity Module, which is a small electronic chip used in mobile devices for communication purpose. The basic and main purpose of using any mobile device is “communication”, and this happens with the help of SIM card. It have its own unique identity as its name suggests. When we put it in any mobile, as soon as mobile starts, it starts communicating with nearest cellular tower in the form of signal with help of mobile device. It validate if the SIM is valid, if valid then it starts exchanging signal with cellular tower and we can receive and make call. When we dial any number, it connects with nearest tower and search for the dialed number, on successful search it connects to the dialed number and we can talk to that number.

We can store name, number, address etc. in it as per its capacity. We can send message to anyone with help of it. It help us to locate anyone’s location or locate the cell phone with the help of GPS.

We can categories SIM card in multiple horizon as follows:
Size:- There are four types as per its size.
1. Standard: It is the standard one and oldest form of its. With the invention of mobile, nearly all devices had standard SIM, but with the invention of new devices and shrinking size of it, other types came into the picture. It has size of 15 X 25mm.
2. Micro: This is smaller than standard one. It has size of 12 X 15mm. Device manufacturer use micro SIM slot to make the device slimmer than ever.
3. Nano: This is the smallest kind one, now a days all new smartphone come with Nano SIM slot. It has size of 8.8 X 12.3mm.
4. eSIM: This is the latest one, which is embedded inside the devices.

Technology:- There are two types as per technology:
GSM: This type of card use GSM (Global System for Mobiles) for communication.
CDMA: This type of card use CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) for communication.

Usage: There are two types as per usage:
Prepaid: In this we need to recharge first before any usage. And as we use our balance start reducing and services are stopped once balance exhausted, then we need to recharge again.
Postpaid: In this, we can usage till certain days, after that service provider send bill to user and we need to pay the bill before further use.

So these are the basic and important details about SIM card. In this modern age, we should know the details about what we are using 24X7.

ICICI Full Form

ICICI Full Form

Banks are an integral part of the development and functioning of a country and are indispensable to its flourishment. The banking sector is one of the most important sectors for a country and is the basis of all development and activities. Everything is dependent on the economy and further, the economy is dependent on banks. In India generally, there are two types of banks viz. private bank and government bank. Government banks are controlled by the central government. Private Banks are an industrial bank and are not nationalised. One such private bank of India is ICICI.

Full Form of ICICI

The full form of ICICI is the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India. It is a multinational company which deals in banking and financial services. It was founded in 1994. ICICI is one of the 4 important and big banks of India. It was the second largest bank in India in 2014 in terms of total assets.
The headquarters of ICICI bank is at Mumbai, Maharashtra. It has its own subsidiaries in the United Kingdom and Canada. Apart from this, it has also its branches in countries like Singapore, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Qatar, Oman and China. The bank also has its representative offices in UAE, Bangladesh and Indonesia.

The ICICI bank has a huge operational range in terms of banking and financial services. It has a variety of banking products and services as well as financial services on offer for its retail as well as corporate customers. The bank operates and delivers it various kinds of services and products with the help of subsidiaries. The main subsidiaries of the bank are life insurance, non-life insurance, asset management, venture capital and investment banking.

Some of the forms in which the ICICI bank grants finance are as follow:
Offer and sale of industrial securities.
Underwriting of public issues.
Granting loans in rupees as well as in foreign currency.
Granting credit facilities to manufacturers.

Short History of ICICI Bank

The venture of ICICI bank in India started from ICICI Limited, which was an Indian financial institution. The ICICI was set up in 1955 in India with the assistance of the World Bank, the government of India and the various representatives of Indian Industry. It was set up with the objective of creating a development financial institution to provide project financing to Indian industries and businesses. The ICICI Limited promoted ICICI bank in 1994 and was its subsidiary.

In the 1990s, the ICIC began expanding its services in the field of finance and economy. It transformed into a financial services group offering a huge variety of products and services to industries and businesses. The ICICI bank was created for this purpose and the ICICI Limited was no longer confined to merely an institution offering project financing to industries. The major breakthrough came in 1999 when the ICICI bank became the first financial institution from Asia to be listed on NYSE. Considering the increasing competition in the Indian banking sector and universal banking, it was decided to merge the ICICI Limited with the ICIC Bank. The merger of ICICI Bank and ICIC Limited was approved in October 2001 by the Boards of DireThe IFCI and SFCs bound themselves to loan movement and avoided guaranteeing and putting resources into business however they were approved to buy in for the offers and debentures of the organizations and to embrace endorsing business. Hence, a substantial number of exceptional endeavours confronted constant issues in bringing assets up in the capital market.

Moreover, they were not in a situation to anchor the ideal measure of credit help from the monetary foundations because of their thin value base. To empower mechanical improvement in the private division, a significant arrangement of endorsing office was viewed as important to quicken the period of the industrialization. To fill these holes, the ICICI was built upctors.

Objectives Of ICICI Bank
The various objectives of the ICICI Bank are:
To help in the creation, development, progress and modernization of non-public business enterprises.
To encourage, develop and promote the use of internal and external capital sources in business enterprises.
To develop and provide equipment financing.
To finance for the rehabilitation and assistance of industries.

In 1982, the ICICI gave another measurement to its trader managing an account division by offering to give advising to modern interest in India to non-inhabitant Indians and people of Indian birthplace living abroad. This is probably going to demonstrate not just the slightest costly course for innovative up degree yet additionally a wellspring of outside cash assets by the method for hazard capital.

The Corporation’s vision has been stretching out a long ways past its prompt capacity of financing mechanical undertakings. It has been taking a gander at all segments of the economy and wherever a need was seen, has structured either another idea or another instrument, or even another organization to take into account it. In such manner, its improvement exercises have incorporated such different zones as innovation, financing, venture advancement, rustic improvement, HR improvement and distributions.

Functions Of ICICI Bank

The ICICI Bank performs the following functions to achieve its objectives:
It provides financial assistance to business enterprises and industries in terms of long-term and short-term loans.
It sponsors, guarantees and underwrites issues of shares and other securities.
It ensures the availability of funds for the purpose of reinvestment.
It provides advisory services to;
industries and companies under private sector on the topics such as policies, procedures and joint venture search.
Central government as well as state governments on the topics of economy and finance for policy making.

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SP FULL FORM | Details about SP

SP Full Form

We are going to discuss SP. SP!! What is that? So, let’s know about SP. It is a short form which stands for some abbreviations. We will discuss two most used abbreviations among all. But first, let’s know the full form of both.
• SP: Superintendent of Police
• SP: Service Provider

Now, let’s talk about both full forms one by one.

Information About Superintendent of Police (SP)

India! One of the largest and populated countries in this world. As it is a country of huge population, she needs so many forces and regiments. Police force is one of those. Police work to secure domestic safety for their people. The police force is divided into many posts to handle all the works nicely. Superintendent of Police (SP) is one of those posts. Superintendent of Police (SP) is the head of the police force of a district. Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) is the head of district police, and he maintains the rank of an SP in metropolitan areas.

Superintendents of Police are mostly officers of the police service of India. They are entrusted with the responsibility and powers of maintaining order and law and related issues of a district of a state or a union territory (UT) of India. The officers of the State Police Service and other State Police officials assist SP. Superintendent of Police’s rank is equivalent to the rank of Commandant Officer (CO) in CAPF. Although in the Indian army, there is no direct equivalent for a rank of Superintendent of Police (SP).

Information About Service Provider (SP)

Any organization that provides facilities, goods or services to the public, whether for free or paid, is Service Provider (SP). It won’t be a matter to think, how large or small the organization is. It is usually an outsourced supplier or third party, including Telecommunications Service Providers (TSP), Application Service Providers (ASP), Storage Service Providers (SSP), and Internet Service Providers (ISP).
Service Providers are differentiated and recognized in three types by IT professionals. Type I, II, and III are the categorized types. All these types are specifically defined by ITIL and the US Telecommunications Act of 1996.
Type I: Internal service provider
Type II: Shared service provider
Type III: External service provider

There are some more full forms of SP. So let’s know those full forms.
• SP: Symplectic group
SP: Service Pack
SP: Singapore Polytechnic
SP: Solidarity Party
SP: Samajwadi Party
SP: Saskatchewan Party

IAS FULL FORM- Do You Know The Full Form Of IAS?

IAS Full Form

Today we are going to discuss IAS full form. As many of us know that IAS is a very dignified and reputed post. It is very difficult to qualify for IAS post. Do you know, what is the Full Form of IAS? If your answer is NO, well you are in the right place. Because we are going to discuss all the basic details about IAS in this article. So, let’s start. IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service.

Information of IAS

The Indian Administrative Service is the administrative civil service employed by the Indian government. IAS was known in the British period as ICS (Indian Civil Service). This was a high civil service in India in the year 1858 to 1947. This civil service was divided into two classes mainly. Highly placed and unconvinced are the two classes. A Student has to pass a very competitive examination of Civil Services Examination organized by the Union Public Service Commission for IAS recruitment. The examination level is very high. A Student has to work hard and diligently to participate in this examination and to make some good impact on the examination.
Most of the IAS officers begin their careers as a divisional magistrate at the divisional level. They have been entrusted with the responsibility of development of the areas under the general administration and also their charge as well as maintaining the law system of the city.
Let’s know what should be the qualification to apply or sit for the examination of the IAS:

The postulant must be a citizen of India to apply for IAS.
Postulant has to be at least 21 years and maximum 35 years.
Postulate must complete at least graduation from any recognized university.

As we know IAS job is very dignified and reputed. So, it is expected that the salary will be satisfied also. Let’s discuss salary.

IAS Salary

IAS postulates have to go through a training period of 2 years and a probation period. The IAS officer gets approximately 61,000 rupees during the training period and after this, he gets the post after getting the SDM (Sub Divisional Magistrate) post. And then the following salary is given. HRA, PF and many types of allowances are also available in addition to this. One can earn around 210,000 rupees in the top IAS post.

As they are treated with a high amount of salary, they have some serious and momentous job to their country.
IAS officers Maintain Law and Order and general administration in their working areas.
They need to handle the daily affairs of the Government.
They also function as Executive Magistrate, Chief Development Officer/District Development Commissioner.
Policy formation and decision making are also handled by them.
They Distribute funds and resources for implementing the policies.
They also travel to specific places to oversee the implementation of policies.
IAS officers ensure zero irregularities in fund allocation and management.

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IG Full Form – What Is The Full Form Of IG?

There is various kind of activities and responsibilities to run a whole country. And one of the most important sectors to run a country without any trouble is making sure the protection for the population of the country. Every nation has their own security system to ensure the protection of their people. The Police force is one of the most common and important among all the security forces. Almost every country has the Police force. Their works are mainly to ensure internal security. To make sure that the police force is doing their works responsibly, they also need a chief or head. And also others posts to split the works among them. The full form of IG is Inspector General. As we know the full form of IG, the very next question arrives in our mind is what does it mean? Basically, IG is a post of police.

Full Information of IG

A 2 Star Police officer is IG in the police force or police service of several nations. In the police force of every country, there are different kind of posts with their particular works and duties. IG is one of the most respectful and so much important posts of the police force. It is usually the highest or second highest rank or post in the police force in different countries. Some of Inspectors General, the heads of the offices, are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. Let’s know about the IG rank of some countries.

The British Government introduced the Indian Councils Act 1861 during the British rule in India, in 1861. The act created a new cadre of police, which was called Superior Police Services, later known as the Indian Imperial Police. The highest rank in the service was the Inspector General (IG).

IG is the second highest rank in the hierarchy. It is just below the Director General of Police (DGP) and Additional DGP. In Pakistan, the rank IG replaces with IGP. The head of policing is Inspector General of Police (IGP) in a province of Pakistan. But IGP is a three-star appointment in Pakistan, where in India, it is a two-star appointment. In Bangladesh, Inspector General of Police heads the Bangladesh Police. The Inspector General of Police is the highest rank of the Nepal Police and Armed Police Force in Nepal.

Advantages And Other Abbreviations of IG

Thus IG is not an object, it is a rank and represented by human beings. Still, we are benefited from IG. Because they instruct and control the junior officers and other departments to work properly. They are always committed to their work to save the country from various kind of threat. Inspector General’s office investigates complaints or accusation of guilt or trespass by employees or contractors that environs or give rise to fraud, waste or abuse within the programs or operations of the FCC.

Although, IG mainly stands for Inspector General. But there are some more full forms of IG.
*IG: Insert Graphic
*IG: Internal Globulin
*IG: Immature Granule

LLB Full Form

LLB Full Form

LLB is a program which is actually the study of law and legal activities to prevent crimes and other social evils in the civilization. It is a professional bachelor degree and is offered to those who wanted to make their career in Legal profession. LLB is an undergraduate degree in-law and this program was first originated in England and then was offered in JAPAN. First of all this degree was started in the University of Paris but later on, the system was implemented at Cambridge University and the Oxford University. With the passage of time, the demand of lawyers has grown up speedily. It is a 3 years program and it makes a person a Lawyer. This degree is allowed to do in various types such as 3-years program, two years course and also the part-time degree function is available in it. Due to this availability, most of the students who wanted to change their profession or the mode of study and field came and join the LLB. In this article, I will tell you the detail about the full form of LLB.

Full form of LLB

The full form of LLB is Bachelor of Legislative Law. There are a lot’s of abbreviations about the word LLB but the main abbreviation which is directly related to the Law education and came from the Latin Language is Legum baccalaureus. But now a day the modern meaning of LLB has changed. Today the dictionary meaning of LLB is someone with a bachelor of laws degree. In India LLB full form is Bachelor of Legislative law but outside India, it’s just known as a bachelor of law.

Most of the majority knows that BA stands for Bachelor of Arts and BSc stands for Bachelor of Science. But LLB is not abbreviated in the same way and that takes it to uncertainty. Actually, it is not LLB its LL.B. The (LL.) of the abbreviation is a plural of legum because of the Latin language here plural is done this way. In Latin generally, an abbreviation is created this way by doubling the first letter for example for a plural of pages it would be written as (PP) same as like that this happens. Because in LLB student does not have to study a single law but a number of laws throughout their course that is the reason why (LL) is used twice in the abbreviation.

Besides the content in Legum baccalaureus program, the course consists of seven modules, which form the basic requirement to occupy the law degree in England and Wales. This includes criminal law, constitutional and administrational law, contract law, EU law, land law and Equity and trusts. As a part of LLB student have the opportunity to catalyze those core units with a variety of optional modules. It’s advised to have a thorough look on the course so that one may have an idea in his mind about which module should be selected. This will also help in selecting that which university would be best for you to study from.

LLB IN INDIA:

In India first of all legal education was offered as three years bachelor degree and the eligibility requirement for these degrees was that candidate should have a bachelor degree in any subject from a recognized institution. However on suggestion Law Commission of India and by the efforts of the Bar Council of India an issue was raised that India should have to grow lawyers and institutions should be maintained for that. On this demand, later on, governing body of Legal Education in India established specialized universities solely devoted to legal education similar to Indian Institute of Technology, All India Institute of medical sciences, and Indian Institute of management to raise the academic standards of legal education in India. The first law school of India to grant a degree of Legum baccalaureus was set up in Bangalore which was named as the NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL OF INDIA UNIVERSITY (popularly ‘NLS’ or ‘NLSIU’).
After that various law schools were established that administer a five-year undergraduate degree program and give a bachelor degree on completion. For the period of first two years in B.A Legum baccalaureus (Hons.) program, students are taught Social Sciences (History, Political Science, Sociology and Economics) associated with B.A. Besides the standard subjects such as constitutional law, torts and contracts students also get the courses of applied sciences, physics and life sciences in this degree program. To get enrollment in the five-year program degree applicant must have the degree up to 12th standards from a recognized board present in the states of India. This degree of five-year program is the license of any person to start practice in the court of India and to give legal advice about specific cases. The whole process from enrollment of the students is managed and supervised by the Indian Bar council.

SCOPE OF LLB NOW A DAYS IN INDIA:

Success of a person depends upon its struggle and hardworking not upon the field he has chosen. If someone sees the new struggling Lawyers then he may find a result that it has no scope but if we consider the big names in the field then we would surely struggle to gain success and fame. Everything depends upon how you see something and how you work on it. Today India has opened gates for masterminds apart from studies. Lawyers are enabled to get the jobs in private as well as in the public sectors while state and central government jobs are also better options for doing job as a lawyer. Lawyers can also work as legal advisor and legal counselor for firms, organizations and families.

Lawyers can work in:
Private and public sector organizations
State bar councils
Indian and foreign law firms
Legal departments of foreign companies
Global audit and compliance firms
That was the brief information about the full form of LLB and if you have some questions in your mind related to LLB please do share with us.

What is the Full Form of ITI

ITI Full form
ITI Full Form – Do We Know The Full Form Of ITI?

Education is the basic right to all the people of this world. In fact, it should be! Because no nation has developed without the education in past and also in the future, there has no chance of development without the education. However, A country like India, who has a huge amount of population, they must need to be educated to develop their country along with the other countries. Well, the Indian government is so aware of this matter. That’s why they found many institutions like ITI. We can understand that ITI is a short form of something. But what does it stand for? Mainly, ITI stands for Industrial Training Institute.

ITI Full Form

Full Information of ITI

ITI is a government training institute which provides training both engineering and non-engineering technical fields. It provides training in so many different fields such as Computer Hardware, Electrical, Mechanical, Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Welding, Plumbing, Fitter, Carpentry etc. This institute is mainly founded to instruct technical knowledge to students who have just passed 10th standard and want to gain some technical knowledge instead of continuing the higher studies.

The objective of establishing ITI was to provide technical manpower to the rapidly growing industrial sector. The courses provided in the ITI are designed to instruct the skills in a trade. The students are required to undergo a practical training in his or her trade in an industry for one or two years after successfully completing the course. The practical training is mandatory to appear for the National Council of Vocational Training (NVCT) certificate. There are some branches of ITI in the major cities of every state of India like Gujarat, Punjab, Assam, Kerala, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh etc.

Eligibility Criteria to get admission in ITI

  • The postulant need to pass 10th standard from any recognized board. Or any other examination that recognizes 10th standard.
  • The age of postulant have to be between 14 to 40 years at the admission time.
  • The postulant have to secure a minimum of 35% number in the 10th standard exam.

Advantages And Other Abbreviations Of ITI

One can opt for higher studies like diploma in engineering after completing the engineering trading course in ITI if he or she wants. There are also specialized short-term courses for certain trades which are offered in Advanced Training Institutes (ATI).

Electronic mechanic trade graduates can find opportunities in Information technology firms and in the manufacturing units of electronics equipment. Opportunities for fitters are immense in onshore and offshore areas such as oil and gas, factories, shipyards etc.

The job opportunities are also available in government organizations like Railways, Telecom, Indian Army, Airforce, Indian Navy and paramilitary forces like BSF (Border Security Force) etc. ITI passed out postulant also can start their own garage, winding shops, fabrication shops to be self-employed.

Although, ITI mainly stands for Industrial Training Institute. But there are some more full forms of ITI.
*ITI: Indian Telephone Industries

*ITI: Inspection and Test Instruction

*ITI: Interactive Terminal Interface