Basic Syntax of R Programming

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This is part Second of the R series. In the first part, we have discussed Introduction to R Programming and how to install R. In this part, we will discuss some of the basic commands that you required to initiate R.

Basic Syntax in R
1. Basic Command
2. Installing Packages

Let us start with some basic syntax of R. You can either use R Studio or R console to do the task. Here is initial line of code about how to remove all object stored in R:

  • Remove all objects stored-

  • Set Current Working Directory-

If you want to read files from a specific location you need to set working directory in R. The following example shows how to set the working directory in R to the folder”Set” within the folder “Data” on the D drive.


  • Current working Directory-

  • Installing Packages:

Packages are collections of well-defined functions and data in some required format. We can install packages according to our need. For package installation, we need an internet connection and we need to write this code:

Here I have written one package name for your reference

We have to install package only once and then we need to include its library. To include a library:

In this article, we have discussed the how to set the directory to proceed our work and how to install package.
Now, give it a try and we will discuss how to import different type of files in R in next article. If you have any doubt feel free to comment.

Sanket Parate

Tech enthusiast and an optimistic guy with the mindset to achieve the set target. I am an avid learner and passionate learner. After finding my interest in data science, I felt that 'Yes this is the field which I am looking for. I am more passionate to learn data science and R and looking forward to exploring more in these fields along with the python. I love to share information with people.

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